Il Maschio Angioino

Maschio Angioino

Castel Nuovo

With this we get back to the mother lode, back to our roots, full circle, Naples, beautiful and forlorn, deceptively gay and mysteriously complex, vibrant as a tarantella and subtle as a stiletto.  The core, the essence, inseparable from the sea and the volcano, smoldering in its millennial languor, prostrated by the sweetness of the summer air, seduced and seductive in the grip of its eternal dream.  And we present here for your consideration the Castel Nuovo (distinct from the Castel Vecchio and Castel Capuano), also known as the Maschio Angioino in honor of its builder, Charles I of Anjou in the 13th century, following the expulsion of the Hohenstaufen.

Famous names are associated with the castle.  Pope Celestine V (the only pope to ever abdicate the Pontificate, and consigned to hell by Dante in his Inferno), sojourned here.  So did Petrarch and Boccaccio and Giotto, who produced frescoes which have unfortunately been lost.  The castle was almost entirely rebuilt during the tenure of the Aragonese, and further modified during the 18th century.

The Renaissance facade inserted between the medieval towers gives a startling contrast.  This exceptional work is actually a triumphal arch, executed in marble, and was commissioned by King Alfonso of Aragon following his conquest of the Kingdom from the Angevins.  It consists actually of two arches stacked vertically; the intermediate facade is where Alfonso’s triumph is actually represented.  The rest of the structure is abundantly decorated with mythological and allegorical symbols, as was the practice in those times.  Many artists from Naples, France and Spain worked on this remarkable arch, and it is difficult to accurately attribute every feature to the proper author.

Going in through the archway one steps into a quadrilateral courtyard with rooms opening along the sides.  Historically important is the Cappella Palatina, which dates back to the original 13th-century structure, and the Sala dei Baroni, famous because here a a revolt by the Barons against the King was plotted.  As is proper for a castle, the Maschio Angioino is surrounded by a deep moat.  The adjacent Piazza Municipio, named after the Municipio (City Hall) is lively and spacious.  It was in former times part of the Castle.

The Maschio Angioino can be visited and is today used for art exhibits, musical events, theatrical events, and the like.  It is a must stop for any visitor to Naples.

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